If you’ve ever struggled to identify the differences between the active and passive voices, stop worrying! This post will clear things up for you.
The basic structure of a sentence in the active voice is Subject+ Verb + Object while in the passive voice it is Object + Verb + Subject.
Here’s a table to make things clearer.
|Easier to understand||Harder to understand|
|Results in shorter sentences||Results in longer sentences|
|Someone does something||Something is done by someone|
|Focuses on doer||Focuses on receiver or action|
|Jimmy shot the sparrow.||The sparrow was shot by Jimmy.|
|Someone has opened the door.||The door has been opened (by someone).|
|I am reading a book.||A book is being read by me.|
|They will advise you.||You will be advised by them.|
|He loved cars.||Cars were loved by him.|
|Tim kissed the bear.||The bear was kissed by Tim.|
|He removes a thorn.||A thorn is removed by him.|
|He searched for John.||John was searched for by him.|
|We loved our neighbours immensely.||Our neighbours were loved by us immensely.|
|James ate the fruit.||The fruit was eaten by James.|
There is much more we can learn about the active and passive voices, but what’s in this post is sufficient for a start. Remember, learning slowly is better than rushing the learning process and gaining nothing!